The Official STOP-Bang Questionnaire Website
STOPBang Validation
Screening Commercial Drivers for Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Validation of STOP-Bang Questionnaire.
Popevic MB, Milovanovic A, Nagorni-Obradovic L, Nesic D, Milovanovic J, Milovanovic APS.
Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2017; 30(5):751-761.
Online PDF
Assessing the Likelihood of Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Comparison of Nine Screening Questionnaires.
Prasad KT, Sehgal IS, Agarwal R, Nath Aggarwal A, Behera D, Dhooria S.
Sleep Breath. 2017. [Epub ahead of print]
Online
The STOP-BANG Questionnaire Improves the Detection of Epilepsy Patients at Risk for Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
Sharma A, Molano J, Moseley BD.
Epilepsy Res 2017; 129:37-40.
Online PDF
Predictors of At-Home Arterial Oxygen Desaturation Events in Ambulatory Surgical Patients.
Biddle C, Elam C, Lahaye L, Kerr G, Chubb L, Verhulst B.
J Patient Saf 2016.
Online
The Stop-Bang Questionnaire as a Screening Tool for Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Induced Hypertension in Asian Population.
Pavarangkul T, Jungtrakul T, Chaobangprom P, Nitiwatthana L, Jongkumchok W, Morrakotkhiew W, Kachenchart S, Chindaprasirt J, Limpawattana P, Srisaenpang S, Pinitsoontorn S, Sawanyawisuth K.
Neurol Int 2016; 8:6104.
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Length of Stay in Ambulatory Surgical Oncology Patients at High Risk for Sleep Apnea as Predicted by STOP-BANG Questionnaire.
Balachandran D, Faiz S, Hernandez M, Kowalski A, Bashoura L, Goravanchi F, Cherian S, Rebello E, Kee S, French K.
Anesthesiol Res Pract 2016; 9425936.
Online PDF
STOP-Bang Questionnaire: Translation to Portuguese and Cross-Cultural Adaptation for Use in Brazil.
Fonseca L, Silveira E, Lima N, Rabahi M.
J Bras Pneumol 2016; 42: 266-272.
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Estimating Virtual Neck Circumference for Preoperative STOP-BANG Assessment: A Retrospective Cohort Study.
Gruss C, Terekhov M, Ehrenfeld J, Kunic R, Wanderer J.
Can J Anaesth 2016; 63: 120-2.
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Using the STOP-BANG Questionnaire to Predict Hypoxaemia in Patients Recovering from Noncardiac Surgery: A Prospective Cohort Analysis.
Khanna A, Sessler D, Sun Z, Naylor A, You J, Hesler B, Kurz A, Devereaux P, Saager L.
Br J Anaesth 2016; 116:632-40.
Online
Application Value of Four Different Questionnaires in the Screening of Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
Du L1, Li Z, Tang X.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi 2015; 95: 3407-10.
Online PDF
Use of Electronic Data and Existing Screening Tools to Identify Clinically Significant Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
Severson CA, Pendharkar SR, Ronksley PE, Tsai WH.
Can Respir J. 2015; 22(4):215-20.
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The Impact of Untreated Obstructive Sleep Apnea on Cardiopulmonary Complications in General and Vascular Surgery: A Cohort Study.
Abdelsattar ZM, Hendren S, Wong SL, Campbell DA, Ramachandran SK.
Sleep 2015; 38:1205-10.
Online PDF
Utility of Screening for Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Cardiac Rehabilitation.
Marzolini S, Sarin M, Reitav J, Mendelson M, Oh P.
J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev 2016. [Epub ahead of print]
Online
STOP-BANG Questionnaire as a Screening Tool for Diagnosis of Obstructive Sleep Apnea by Unattended Portable Monitoring Sleep Study.
Doshi V, Walia R, Jones K, Aston CE, Awab A.
Springerplus 2015; 4:795.
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Impact of OSA on Cardiovascular Events After Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery.
Uchoa CH, Danzi-Soares Nde J, Nunes FS, de Souza AA, Nerbass FB, Pedrosa RP, Cesar LA, Lorenzi-Filho G, Drager LF.
Chest 2015; 147:14-2152.
Online
Is there a Difference Between the STOP-BANG and the Berlin Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Syndrome Questionnaires for Determining Respiratory Complications During the Perioperative Period?
Gokay P, Tastan S, Orhan ME.
J Clin Nurs 2016; 25:1238-52.
Online
The Applications of the STOP-Bang Questionnaire in Screening Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Patients with Metabolic Syndrome.
Teng Y, Xiong Y, Wang N.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi 2015; 38:461-6.
Online PDF
High STOP-BANG Questionnaire Scores Predict Intraoperative and Early Postoperative Adverse Events.
Seet E, Chua M, Liaw CM.
Singapore Med J 2015; 56:212-6.
Online PDF
Translation and Validation of the Stop-Bang Questionnaire for Obstructive Sleep Apnoea into Danish.
Bille J, Bille-Hasselstrom C, Petersen CG.
Dan Med J. 2015; 62.
Online PDF
The Utility of Three Screening Questionnaires for Obstructive Sleep Apnea in a Sleep Clinic Setting.
Kim B, Lee EM, Chung YS, Kim WS, Lee SA.
Yonsei Med J 2015; 56:684-90.
Online
Combination of STOP-Bang Score with the Mallampati Score Fails to Improve Specificity in the Prediction of Sleep-Disordered Breathing.
Dette FG, Graf J, Cassel W, Lloyd-Jones C, Boehm S, Zoremba M, Schramm P, Pestel G, Thal ST.
Minerva Anestesiol 2015.
Online
Adverse Respiratory Events After General Anesthesia in Patients at High Risk of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome.
Xara D, Mendonca J, Pereira H, Santos A, Abelha FJ.
Braz J Anesthesiol 2015; 65:359-66.
Online
Utility of STOP-Bang in the Prediction of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Primary Care.
Fenton M, Stewart S, Skomro R, Gjevre J, Reid J.
Chest. 2015; 148.
Online
The STOP-BANG Questionnaire: Reliability and Validity of the Persian Version in Sleep Clinic Population.
Sadeghniiat-Haghighi K, Montazeri A, Khajeh-Mehrizi A, Ghajarzadeh M, Alemohammad ZB, Aminian O, Sedaghat M.
Qual Life Res 2015; 24:2025-30.
Online
Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Pregnancy: Assessment of Current Screening Tools.
Lockhart EM, Ben Abdallah A, Tuuli MG, Leighton BL.
Obstet Gynecol 2015; 126: 93-102.
Online
Modified STOP-BANG Questionnaire to Predict Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome in Obese Subjects with Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
Bingol Z, Pihtili A, Kiyan E.
Sleep Breath. 2015 [Epub ahead of print]
Online

A SBQ score of =6 gave a satisfactory discrimination for OHS diagnosis (sensitivity 71.6 %, specificity 59.1 %, positive predictive value (PPV) 55.2 %, and negative predictive value (NPV) 74.7 %). The diagnostic OR for a SBQ score of =6 for predicting OHS was 3.7.
High STOP-BANG Questionnaire Scores Predict Intraoperative and Early Postoperative Adverse Events.
Seet E, Chua M, Liaw CM.
Singapore Med J 2015; 56(4): 212-6.
Online
Evaluation of the Arabic Version of STOP-Bang Questionnaire as a Screening Tool for Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
Alhouqani S, Al Manhali M, Al Essa A, Al-Houqani M.
Sleep Breath. 2015
Online
Validation Of The Stop-bang Questionnaire As A Screening Tool For Sleep Apnoea In Patients Undergoing Ablation For Paroxysmal Atrial Fibrillation.
MA Pittman, M Mason, D Packer, R Chadwick, A Clutterbuck-James, S Fynn, TG Quinnell.
Thorax 2014; 69: A202.
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STOP-Bang and Prediction of Difficult Airway in Obese Patients.
Toshniwal G, McKelvey GM, Wang H.
J Clin Anesth 2014; 26(5): 360-7.
Online
Evaluation of Five Different Questionnaires for Assessing Sleep Apnea Syndrome in a Sleep Clinic.
Pataka A, Daskalopoulou E, Kalamaras G, Fekete Passa K, Argyropoulou P.
Sleep Med 2014; 15(7):776-81.
Online
Screening of Obstructive Sleep Apnea during Pregnancy: Differences in Predictive Values of Questionnaires across Trimesters.
Tantrakul V, Sirijanchune P, Panburana P, Pengjam J, Suwansathit W, Boonsarngsuk V, Guilleminault C.
J Clin Sleep Med. 2014
Online
Evaluation and Validation of Four Translated Chinese Questionnaires for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients in Hong Kong.
Ha SC, Lee DL, Abdullah VJ, van Hasselt CA.
Sleep Breath. 2014; 18: 715-21.
Online
STOP-Bang Questionnaire is Superior to Epworth Sleepiness Scales, Berlin Questionnaire, and STOP Questionnaire in Screening Obstructive Sleep Apnea Hypopnea Syndrome Patients.
Luo J, Huang R, Zhong X, Xiao Y, Zhou J.
Chin Med J 2014; 127:3065-70.
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High Rates of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Symptoms Among Patients With Schizophrenia.
Annamalai A, Palmese LB, Chwastiak LA, Srihari VH, Tek C.
Psychosomatics 2015; 56(1):59-66.
Online

A large number of outpatients with severe mental illness are at high risk for OSA. The STOP questionnaire is easy to use and appears to have a very high clinical utility to detect OSA.
Diagnostic Properties of the STOP-Bang and its Modified Version in Screening for Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Thai Patients.
Banhiran W, Durongphan A, Saleesing C, Chongkolwatana C.
J Med Assoc Thai 2014; 97:644-54.
Online
Validation of a Portuguese Version of the STOP-Bang Questionnaire as a Screening Tool for Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Analysis in a Sleep Clinic.
Reis R, Teixeira F, Martins V, Sousa L, Batata L, Santos C, Moutinho J.
Rev Port Pneumol 2014
Online PDF
The Utility of Neck/Thyromental Ratio in Defining Low-Risk Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Sleep Clinics.
Yuceege M, Firat H, Altintas N, Mutlu M, Ardic S.
Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2014; 271:2575-81.
Online
Does the STOP-Bang, an Obstructive Sleep Apnea Screening Tool, Predict Difficult Intubation?
Acar HV, Yarkan Uysal H, Kaya A, Ceyhan A, Dikmen B.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2014; 18:1869-74.
Online

A STOP-Bang score of greater than or equal to 3 was a predictor for difficult intubation.
STOP-BANG Questionnaire Performance in a Veterans Affairs Unattended Sleep Study Program.
Kunisaki KM, Brown KE, Fabbrini AE, Wetherbee EE, Rector TS.
Ann Am Thorac Soc 2014; 11:192-7.
Online
The Impact of Sleep Apnea on Postoperative Utilization of Resources and Adverse Outcomes.
Memtsoudis SG, Stundner O, Rasul R, Chiu YL, Sun X, Ramachandran SK, Kaw R, Fleischut P, Mazumdar M.
Anesth Analg 2014; 118:407-18.
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Value of STOP-Bang Questionnaire in Screening Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Hypopnea Syndrome in Sleep Disordered Breathing Clinic.
Luo J, Huang R, Zhong X, Xiao Y, Zhou J.
Chin Med J 2014; 127:1843-8.
Online
Clinical Utility of Preoperative Screening with STOP-Bang Questionnaire in Elective Surgery.
Corso RM, Petrini F, Buccioli M, Nanni O, Carretta E, Trolio A, De Nuzzo D, Pigna A, Di Giacinto I, Agnoletti V, Gambale G.
Minerva Anestesiol 2014; 80:877-84.
Online
A Matched Cohort Study of Postoperative Outcomes in Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Could Preoperative Diagnosis and Treatment Prevent Complications.
Mutter TC, Chateau D, Moffatt M, Ramsey C, Roos LL, Kryger M.
Anesthesiology 2014; 121:707-18.
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5-years APAP Adherence in OSA Patients - Do First Impressions Matter?
Van Zeller M, Severo M, Santos AC, Drummond M.
Respir Med 2013; 107:2046-52.
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High-risk of Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Excessive Daytime Sleepiness Among Commercial Intra-City Drivers in Lagos Metropolis.
Ozoh OB, Okubadejo NU, Akanbi MO, Dania MG.
Niger Med J 2013; 54:224-9.
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Treatment of REM Behaviour Disorder - An Evidence Based Review.
Devnani P.
Sleep Med 2013; 14:e20-2.
Online
Comparison of Four Sleep Questionnaires for Screening Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
El-Sayed IH.
Egypt J Chest Dis Tuberc 2012; 61:433-41.
Online
Validation of the STOP-Bang Questionnaire: an Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Screening Tool in Turkish Population.
Acar H V, Kaya A, Yucel F, Erdem M, Gunal SE, Ozgen F, et al.
Turk J Anaesth Reanim 2013; 41(4):115-20.
Online
Validation of the *STOP* and *STOP BANG* *Questionnaire* in Primary Health Care.
Cruces-Artero C, Martin-Miguel MV, Herves-Beloso C, Lago-Deibe F, Hernaiz-Valero S, Claveria-Fontan A, Guglielmi O.
Journal of Sleep Research 2012; 21: 226-226.
Online
Sleepiness, Fatigue, and Risk of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Using the STOP-BANG Questionnaire in Multiple Sclerosis: A Pilot Study.
Dias RA, Hardin KA, Rose H, Agius MA, Apperson ML, Brass SD.
Sleep Breath 2012; 16:1255-65.
Online PDF
Predicting Sleep Disordered Breathing in Outpatients with Suspected OSA.
Cowan DC, Allardice G, Macfarlane D, Ramsay D, Ambler H, Banham S, Livingston E, Carlin C.
BMJ Open 2014; 4.
Online
Association Between a Positive Screen on the STOP-BANG Obstructive Sleep Apnea Tool and Preeclampsia.
Goldfarb IT, Sparks TN, Ortiz VE, Kaimal A.
Obstet Gynecol 2014; 123 Suppl 1:53S.
Online
STOP-Bang and the Effect on Patient Outcome and Length of Hospital Stay when Patients are Not Using Continuous Positive Airway Pressure.
Proczko MA, Stepaniak PS, de Quelerij M, van der Lely FH, Smulders JF, Kaska L, Soliman Hamad MA.
J Anesth 2014; 28(6):891-7.
Online
Comparing a Combination of Validated Questionnaires and Level III Portable Monitor with Polysomnography to Diagnose and Exclude Sleep Apnea.
Pereira EJ, Driver HS, Stewart SC, Fitzpatrick MF.
J Clin Sleep Med 2013; 9:1259-66
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Patients with a High Risk for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome: Postoperative Respiratory Complications.
Pereira H, Xara D, Mendonca J, Santos A, Abelha FJ.
Rev Port Pneumol 2013; 19:144-51
Online
Validation of the STOP-BANG Questionnaire among Patients Referred for Suspected Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
Boynton G, Vahabzadeh A, Hammoud S, Ruzicka DL, Chervin RD.
J Sleep Disord Treat Care 2013 23; 2.
Online
Obstructive Sleep Apnea in General Surgery Patients: Is it More Common than We Think?
Kulkarni GV, Horst A, Eberhardt JM, Kumar S, Sarker S.
Am J Surg 2014; 207(3):436-40.
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Critical Evaluation of Screening Questionnaires for Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting and Abdominal Surgery.
Nunes FS, Danzi-Soares NJ, Genta PR, Drager LF, Cesar LA, Lorenzi-Filho G.
Sleep Breath 2014
Online
High STOP-BANG Scores Herald Adverse Perioperative Outcomes.
Macachor J, Chia P, Seet E, Shridhar IU, Dan W, Quah WL, Ng TP
Conferences - EMBASE
Can a Validated Sleep Apnea Scoring System Predict Cardiopulmonary Events Using Propofol Sedation for Routine EGD or Colonoscopy? A Prospective Cohort Study.
Mehta PP, Kochhar G, Kalra S, Maurer W, Tetzlaff J, Singh G, Lopez R, Sanaka MR, Vargo JJ.
Gastrointest Endosc 2013
Online
Prevalence of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Surgical Patients Presenting to a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in India: A Preliminary Study.
Agrawal S, Gupta R, Lahan V, Mustafa G, Kaur U.
Saudi J Anaesth 2013; 7:155-9.
Online
A Longitudinal Study of CPAP Therapy for Patients with Chronic Cough and Obstructive Sleep Apnoea.
Sundar KM, Daly SE, Willis AM.
Cough 2013; 9:19.
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Obstructive Sleep Apnea Screening and Postoperative Mortality in a Large Surgical Cohort.
Lockhart EM, Willingham MD, Abdallah AB, Helsten DL, Bedair BA, Thomas J, Duntley S, Avidan MS.
Sleep Med 2013; 14:407-15.
Online
Diagnostic Value of Screening Instruments for Identifying Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Kidney Failure.
Nicholl DD, Ahmed SB, Loewen AH, Hemmelgarn BR, Sola DY, Beecroft JM, Turin TC, Hanly PJ.
J Clin Sleep Med 2013; 9:31-8.
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Screening for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Among Individuals with Severe Mental Illness at a Primary Care Clinic.
Alam A, Chengappa KN, Ghinassi F.
Gen Hosp Psychiatry 2012; 34:660-4.
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CPAP Adherence in Patients with Newly Diagnosed Obstructive Sleep Apnea Prior to Elective Surgery.
Guralnick AS, Pant M, Minhaj M, Sweitzer BJ, Mokhlesi B.
J Clin Sleep Med 2012; 8:501-6.
Online
Investigating Obstructive Sleep Apnoea: Will the Health System Have the Capacity to Cope? A Population Study.
Adams RJ, Piantadosi C, Appleton SL, Hill CL, Visvanathan R, Wilson DH, McEvoy RD.
Aust Health Rev 2012; 36:424-9.
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Preoperative Screening and Perioperative Care of the Patient with Sleep-Disordered Breathing.
Auckley D, Bolden N.
Curr Opin Pulm Med 2012; 18:588-95.
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Clinical Predictors of Apnoea-Hypopnoea During Propofol Sedation in Patients Undergoing Spinal Anaesthesia.
Kim GH, Lee JJ, Choi SJ, Shin BS, Lee AR, Lee SH, Kim MH.
Anaesthesia 2012; 67:755-9.
Online
STOP, THAT and One Hundred Other Sleep Scales.
Shahid A, Wilkinson K, Marcu S, Shapiro C.M.
421 pp. New York, NY, US: Springer Science + Business Media; US.
Online
The Association of Pre-operative STOP-BANG Scores with Postoperative Critical Care Admission.
Chia P, Seet E, Macachor JD, Iyer US, Wu D.
Anaesthesia 2013
Online
Patients with STOP-BANG score >= 3, in a Surgical Population.
Pereira H, Xara D, Mendonca J, Santos A, Abelha F.
European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2012; 29:16-17
Online
Patients with a High Risk for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome: Postoperative Respiratory Complications.
Pereira H, Xara D, Mendonša J, Santos A, Abelha FJ.
Rev Port Pneumol 2013
Online
Association Between Self Reported Snoring, STOP Questionnaire and Postoperative Pulmonary Complications in Patients Submitted to Orthopedic Surgery.
Ursavas A, Guven T, Coskun F, Ege E, Yilmazlar Abr.
Multidiscip Respir Med 2013; 8:3
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Predictive Abilities of the STOP-Bang and Epworth Sleepiness Scale in Identifying Sleep Clinic Patients at High Risk for Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
Vana KD, Silva GE, Goldberg R.
Res Nurs Health 2013; 36:84-94
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Risk for Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Obese, Nondiabetic Adults Varies with Insulin Resistance Status.
Liu A, Kushida CA, Reaven GM.
Sleep Breath 2013; 17:333-8
Online
Obstructive Sleep Apnoea in Adults.
Usmani ZA, Chai-Coetzer CL, Antic NA, McEvoy RD.
Postgraduate Medical Journal 2013; 89:148-156
Online
Primary Evaluation of the Simplified Chinese Version of STOP-Bang Scoring Model in Predicting Obstructive Sleep Apnea Hypopnea Syndrome.
Yu Y, Mei W, Cui Y.
Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2012; 26:256-9.
Online
The STOP-BANG Questionnaire was a Useful Tool to Identify OSA During Epidemiological Study in Sao Paulo (Brazil).
Coelho FM, Pradella-Hallinan M, Palombini L, Tufik S, Bittencourt LR.
Sleep Med 2012; 13:450-1
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Undiagnosed Sleep Apnoea Syndrome in Patients with Acute Myocardial Infarction: Potential Importance of the STOP-BANG Screening Tool for Clinical Practice.
McCormack DJ, Pabla R, Babu MH, Dykes L, Dale P, Archbold RA, Pilling M, Clifford A, Cormack F, Shipolini A, Hogan AM.
Int J Cardiol 2012; 155:342-3
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Is Not High-Inspired Oxygen Fraction Really a Risk for Postoperative Pulmonary Complications in Obese Patients?
Xue FS, Liao X, Wang Q, Yuan YJ, Liu JH.
Anesthesiology 2012; 116:229-30
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Clinical Use of the STOP-BANG Questionnaire in Patients Undergoing Sedation for Endoscopic Procedures.
Corso RM, Piraccini E, Agnoletti V, Lippi M, Buccioli M, Negro A, Gambale G, Ricci E.
Minerva Anestesiol 2012; 78:109-10
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Perioperative Management of Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Survey of Veterans Affairs Health Care Providers.
Dhanda Patil R, Patil YJ.
Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2012; 146:156-61
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Importance of Pre-Anesthetic Evaluation: Case Report of a Patient with Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
Soares RR, Valadares FW, Araujo MB, Lorentz MN.
Rev Bras Anestesiol 2011; 61:786-92
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Identification of Patients with Sleep Disordered Breathing: Comparing the Four-Variable Screening tool, STOP, STOP-Bang, and Epworth Sleepiness Scales.
Silva GE, Vana KD, Goodwin JL, Sherrill DL, Quan SF.
J Clin Sleep Med 2011; 7:467-72
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The STOP-Bang Equivalent Model and Prediction of Severity of Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Relation to Polysomnographic Measurements of the Apnea/Hypopnea Index.
Farney RJ, Walker BS, Farney RM, Snow GL, Walker JM.
J Clin Sleep Med 2011; 7:459-65B
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Morbidity in Patients with or at High Risk for Obstructive Sleep Apnea after Ambulatory Laparoscopic Gastric Banding.
Kurrek MM, Cobourn C, Wojtasik Z, Kiss A, Dain SL.
Obes Surg 2011; 21:1494-8
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Simplifying STOP-BANG: use of a Simple Questionnaire to Screen for OSA in an Asian Population.
Ong TH, Raudha S, Fook-Chong S, Lew N, Hsu AA.
Sleep Breath 2010; 14:371-6
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Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome and Postoperative Complications: Clinical use of the STOP-BANG Questionnaire.
Vasu TS, Doghramji K, Cavallazzi R, Grewal R, Hirani A, Leiby B, Markov D, Reiter D, Kraft WK, Witkowski T.
Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2010; 136:1020-4
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A Screening Instrument for Sleep Apnea Predicts Airway Maneuvers in Patients Undergoing Advanced Endoscopic Procedures.
Cote GA, Hovis CE, Hovis RM, Waldbaum L, Early DS, Edmundowicz SA, Azar RR, Mullady DK, Jonnalagadda SS.
Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2010; 8:660-665
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Concerns about the Validation of the Berlin Questionnaire and American Society of Anesthesiologist Checklist as Screening Tools for Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Surgical Patients.
Perez Valdivieso JR, Bes-Rastrollo M.
Anesthesiology 2009; 110:194
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STOP Questionnaire to Screen for Hypoxemia in Deep Sedation for Young and Middle-Aged Colonoscopy.
Deng L, Li CL, Ge SJ, Fang Y, Ji FH, Yang JP.
Digestive Endoscopy 2012; 24:255-258
Online
Sleep and Sleep-Disordered Breathing in the Hospitalized Patient.
Gay PC.
Respir Care 2010; 55:1240-54
Online
A Prospective Assessment of Sedation-Related Adverse Events and Patient and Endoscopist Satisfaction in ERCP with Anesthesiologist-Administered Sedation.
Berzin TM, Sanaka S, Barnett SR, Sundar E, Sepe PS, Jakubowski M, Pleskow DK, Chuttani R, Sawhney MS.
Gastrointest Endosc 2011; 73:710-7
Online PDF