The Official STOP-Bang Questionnaire Website

Obstructive sleep apnea has known associations with several comorbidities:
  • cardiovascular disease (acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, arrhythmias, hypertension)
  • cerebrovascular disease
  • metabolic syndrome
  • gastro-esophageal reflux disease
  • obesity
In bariatric surgery, 7 out of every 10 patients were found to have OSA.

Predispose to Obstructive Sleep Apnea
  • Certain patient profiles (male, above 50 years old, neck circumference greater than 40 cm)
  • endocrine disorders (Cushing's disease, hypothyroidism)
  • connective tissue disorders (Marfan's syndrome)
  • lifestyle habits (alcohol, smoking)
  • anatomical abnormalities
Altered upper airway anatomy (craniofacial abnormalities, macroglossia, retrognathia) may also reduce lumen diameter, increasing the propensity for these episodic airway obstruction.