The Official STOP-Bang Questionnaire Website
Our Sleep Disordered Breathing
Anesthetic Considerations for Patients With Congenital Central Hypoventilation Syndrome: A Systematic Review of the Literature.
Basu S, Chung F, AbdelHakim S, Wong J.
Anesth Analg 2017; 124: 169-178.
Online
The Importance of Obstructive Sleep Apnoea Management in Peri-Operative Medicine.
Dawson D, Singh M, Chung F.
Anaesthesia 2016; 71: 251-6.
Online PDF
Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome, Sleep Apnea, Overlap Syndrome: Perioperative Management to Prevent Complications.
Raveendran R, Wong J, Singh M, Wong D, Chung F.
Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2017; 30: 146-155.
Online
Morbidly Obese Patients: A Clinical Challenge.
Chung F.
Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2016; 29:101-2.
Online
Understanding Phenotypes of Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Applications in Anesthesia, Surgery, and Perioperative Medicine.
Subramani Y, Singh M, Wong J, Kushida C, Malhotra A, Chung F.
Anesth Analg 2017; 124: 179-191.
Online
Anaesthetic Management of Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Adults.
Hillman DR, Chung F.
Respirology 2016. [Epub ahead of print]
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Postoperative Oxygen Therapy in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Liao P, Wong J, Singh M, Wong DT, Islam S, Andrawes M, Shapiro CM, White DP, Chung F.
Chest 2016. [Epub ahead of print]
Online PDF
An Update on the Various Practical Applications of the STOP-Bang Questionnaire in Anesthesia, Surgery, and Perioperative Medicine.
Nagappa M, Wong J, Singh M, Wong DT, Chung F.
Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2017; 30: 118-125.
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Neck Circumference as a Predictor of Difficult Intubation and Difficult Mask Ventilation in Morbidly Obese Patients: A Prospective Observational Study.
Riad W, Vaez MN, Raveendran R, Tam AD, Quereshy FA, Chung F, Wong DT.
Eur J Anaesthesiol 2016; 33(4): 244-9.
Online
Society of Anesthesia and Sleep Medicine Guideline on Preoperative Screening and Assessment of Patients With Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
Chung F, Memtsoudis S, Krishna Ramachandran S, Nagappa M, et al.
Anesth Analg 2016; 123: 452-73.
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Perioperative Nocturnal Hypoxemia Matters in Surgical Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
Chung F, Chan M, Liao P.
Can J Anaesth 2016;10.1007/s12630-016-0755-2.
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Does Obstructive Sleep Apnea Influence Perioperative Outcome? A Qualitative Systematic Review for the Society of Anesthesia and Sleep Medicine Task Force on Preoperative Preparation of Patients with Sleep-Disordered Breathing.
Opperer M, Cozowicz C, Bugada D, Mokhlesi B, Kaw R, Auckley D, Chung F, Memtsoudis SG.
Anesth Analg 2016; 122:1321-34.
Online
Suboptimal Diagnostic Accuracy of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in One Database Does Not Invalidate Previous Observational Studies.
Poeran J, Cozowicz C, Chung F, Mokhlesi B, Ramachandran SK, Memtsoudis SG.
Anesthesiology 2016; 124: 1192-3.
Online PDF
Diagnosis and Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea During Pregnancy.
Abdullah HR, Nagappa M, Siddiqui N, Chung F.
Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2016. [Epub ahead of print]
Online
STOP-Bang Questionnaire: A Practical Approach to Screen for Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
Chung F, Abdullah HR, Liao P.
Chest 2016; 149:631-8.
Online PDF
Ambulatory Anesthesia for Patients with Sleep Apnea.
Raveendran R, Chung F.
Ambulatory Anesthesia 2015; 2:143-151.
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Is Perioperative Fluid and Salt Balance a Contributing Factor in Postoperative Worsening of Obstructive Sleep Apnea?
Lam T, Singh M, Yadollahi A, Chung F.
Anesth Analg 2016; 122:1335-9.
Online
Preoxygenation and Intraoperative Ventilation Strategies in Obese Patients: A Comprehensive Review.
Shah U, Wong J, Wong DT, Chung F.
Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2016; 29:109-18.
Online
Validation of the STOP-Bang Questionnaire as a Screening Tool for Obstructive Sleep Apnea among Different Populations: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Nagappa M, Liao P, Wong J, Auckley D, Ramachandran SK, Memtsoudis S, Mokhlesi B, Chung F.
PLoS One 2015; 10.
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Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Pain, and Opioids: is the Riddle Solved?
Lam KK, Kunder S, Wong J, Doufas AG, Chung F.
Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2016; 29:134-40
Online PDF
CPAP in the Perioperative Setting: Evidence of Support.
Chung F, Nagappa M, Singh M, Mokhlesi B.
Chest 2016; 140: 586-597.
Online PDF
Perioperative Management of Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Survey of Canadian Anesthesiologists.
Cordovani L, Chung F, Germain G, Turner K, Turgeon AF, Hall R, Gay PC, Bryson GL, Choi PT; Canadian Perioperative Anesthesia Clinical Trials Group.
Can J Anaesth 2016; 63:16-23.
Online
Postoperative Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Patients Without Preoperative Sleep Apnea.
Chung F, Liao P, Yang Y, Andrawes M, Kang W, Mokhlesi B, Shapiro CM.
Anesth Analg 2015; 120(6): 1214-24.
Online
Chronic Opioid use and Central Sleep Apnea: a Review of the Prevalence, Mechanisms, and Perioperative Considerations.
Correa D, Farney RJ, Chung F, Prasad A, Lam D, Wong J.
Anesth Analg 2015; 120(6):1273-85.
Online
The Effects of Continuous Positive Airway Pressure on Postoperative Outcomes in Obstructive Sleep Apnea Patients Undergoing Surgery: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
Nagappa M, Mokhlesi B, Wong J, Wong DT, Kaw R, Chung F.
Anesth Analg 2015; 120(5): 1013-23.
Online
Salt Content in IV Fluids Given Intraoperatively May Influence Postoperative OSA Severity.
Lam TD, Singh M, Chung F.
Sleep 2015; 38: 989.
Online
Correlation between the STOP-Bang Score and the Severity of Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
Chung F, Liao P, Farney R.
Anesthesiology 2015; 122(6):1436-7.
Online PDF
Alternative Scoring Models of STOP-Bang Questionnaire Improve Specificity To Detect Undiagnosed Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
Chung F, Yang Y, Brown R, Liao P.
J Clin Sleep Med 2014; 10(9):951-8
Online PDF
Perioperative Consideration of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Ambulatory Surgery.
Raveendran R, Chung F.
Anesthesiol Clin 2014; 32(2):321-328.
Online
Parameters from Preoperative Overnight Oximetry Predict Postoperative Adverse Events.
Chung F, Zhou L, Liao P.
Minerva Anestesiol 2014; 80(10):1084-95.
Online
Postoperative Complications Associated with Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Time to Wake Up!
Chung F, Mokhlesi B.
Anesth Analg 2014;118: 251-3
Online
Postoperative Vascular Complications in Unrecognised Obstructive Sleep Apnoea (POSA) Study Protocol: An Observational Cohort Study in Moderate-to-high Risk Patients Undergoing Non-cardiac Surgery.
Chan MT, Wang CY, Seet E, Tam S, Lai HY, Walker S, Short TG, Halliwell R, Chung F; POSA Investigators.
BMJ Open 2014; 9:4
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Selection of Obese Patients Undergoing Ambulatory Surgery: A Systematic Review of the Literature.
Joshi GP, Ahmad S, Riad W, Eckert S, Chung F.
Anesth Analg 2013; 117:1082-91.
Online
Predictive Performance of the STOP-Bang Score for Identifying Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Obese Patients.
Chung F, Yang Y, Liao P.
Obes Surg 2013; 23: 2050-7.
Online
Should all Morbidly Obese Patients be Evaluated for Obstructive Sleep Apnea. In Controversies in the Anesthetic Management of the Obese Surgical Patients.
Riad W and Chung F.
Controversies in the Anesthetic Management of the Obese Surgical Patient 2013; 103-110.
Online
Perioperative Management of Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
Abdullah H, Chung F.
Current Anesthesiology Reports 2013
Online
Factors Associated with Postoperative Exacerbation of Sleep-disordered Breathing.
Chung F, Liao P, Elsaid H, Shapiro CM, Kang W.
Anesthesiology 2014;120: 299-311
Online PDF
Postoperative Changes in Sleep-disordered Breathing and Sleep Architecture in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
Chung F, Liao P, Yegneswaran B, Shapiro CM, Kang W.
Anesthesiology 2014;120: 287-98
Online PDF
Perioperative Auto-titrated Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Treatment in Surgical Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Liao P, Luo Q, Elsaid H, Kang W, Shapiro C, Chung F.
Anesthesiology 2013;119: 837-847
Online PDF
Reviews to the above article.

ID Sleep Apnea to Avoid Postop Complications Online

OSA Patients Benefit from Auto-Titrated CPAP Before Surgeries Online
Cardiorespiratory Complications of Neuraxial Opioids in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Systematic Review.
Orlov D, Ankichetty S, Chung F, Brull R.
J Clin Anesth 2013; 25:591-9.
Online PDF
Preoperative Screening for Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Morbidly Obese Patients.
Riad W, Chung F.
Int Anesth Clin 2013;51: 13-25
Online PDF
Predictive Performance of the STOP-Bang Score for Identifying Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Obese Patients.
Chung F, Yang Y, Liao P.
Obes Surg 2013 June
Online PDF
Sleep-Disordered Breathing and Postoperative Outcomes After Bariatric Surgery: Analysis of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample.
Mokhlesi B, Hovda MD, Vekhter B, Arora VM, Chung F, Meltzer DO.
Obes Surg 2013 May 22
Online
Sleep-Disordered Breathing and Postoperative Outcomes After Elective Surgery: Analysis of the Nationwide Inpatient Sample.
Mokhlesi B, Hovda MD, Vekhter B, Arora VM, Chung F, Meltzer DO.
Chest 2013 Mar 28. doi: 10.1378/chest.12-2905
Online
Serum Bicarbonate Level Improves Specificity of STOP-Bang Screening for OSA.
Chung F, Chau E, Yang Y, Liao P, Hall R, Mokhlesi B.
Chest 2013;143: 1284-93
Online PDF
Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome and Anesthesia.
Chau EH, Mokhlesi B, Chung F.
Sleep Med Clin. 2013;8: 135-147
Online
Perioperative Clinical Pathways to Manage Sleep-Disordered Breathing.
Seet E, Han TL, Chung F.
Sleep Medicine Clin. 2013;8: 105-120
Online PDF
Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Oxygen Therapy: A Systematic Review of the Literature and Meta-Analysis.
Mehta V, Vasu T, Phillips B, Chung F.
J of Clinical Sleep Medicine. 2013
Online PDF
An Order-Based Approach to Facilitate Postoperative Decision-making for Patients with Sleep Apnea.
Swart P, Chung F, Fleetham J.
Can Anesth J 2013; 60:321-324.
Online PDF
Proportion of Surgical Patients with Undiagnosed Obstructive Sleep Apnoea.
Singh M, Liao P, Kobah S, Wijeysundera DN, Shapiro C, Chung F.
Br J Anaesth 2013; 110:629-636
Online PDF
Obesity Hypoventilation Syndrome: A Review of Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, and Perioperative Considerations.
Chau EH, Lam D, Wong J, Mokhlesi B, Chung F.
Anesthesiology 2012; 117:188-205
Online PDF
Special Article: Society for Ambulatory Anesthesia Consensus Statement on Preoperative Selection of Adult Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Scheduled for Ambulatory Surgery.
Joshi GP, Ankichetty SP, Gan TJ, Chung F.
Anesth Analg 2012; 115:1060-8
Online
Meta-Analysis of the Association Between Obstructive Sleep Apnoea and Postoperative Outcome.
Kaw R, Chung F, Pasupuleti V, Mehta J, Gay PC, Hernandez AV.
Br J Anaesth 2012; 109:897-906
Online PDF
High STOP-Bang Score Indicates a High Probability of Obstructive Sleep Apnoea.
Chung F, Subramanyam R, Liao P, Sasaki E, Shapiro C, Sun Y.
Br J Anaesth 2012; 108:768-75
Online PDF
Health Effects of Identifying Patients with Undiagnosed Obstructive Sleep Apnea in the Preoperative Clinic: a Follow-Up Study.
Mehta V, Subramanyam R, Shapiro C, Chung F
Can J Anesth 2012; 59(6):544-555
Online PDF
Oxygen Desaturation Index from Nocturnal Oximetry: A Sensitive and Specific Tool to Detect.
Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Surgical Patients

Chung F, Liao P, Elsaid H, Islam S, Shapiro CM, Sun Y.
Anesth Analg 2012; 114:993-1000
Online PDF
Management of Sleep Apnea in Adults - Functional Algorithms for the Perioperative Period.
Seet E, Chung F.
Can J Anesth 2010; 57:849-64
Online PDF
STOP Questionnaire: a Tool to Screen Patients for Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
Chung F, Yegneswaran B, Liao P, Chung SA, Vairavanathan S, Islam S, Khajehdehi A, Shapiro CM.
Anesthesiology 2008; 108:812-21
Online PDF
Validation of the Berlin Questionnaire and American Society of Anesthesiologists Checklist as Screening Tools for Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Surgical Patients.
Chung F, Yegneswaran B, Liao P, Chung SA, Vairavanathan S, Islam S, Khajehdehi A, Shapiro CM.
Anesthesiology 2008; 108:822-30
Online PDF
A Systemic Review of Obstructive Sleep Apnea and its Implications for Anesthesiologists.
Chung SA, Yuan H, Chung F.
Anesth Analg 2008; 107:1543-63
Online PDF
A Systematic Review of the Effects of Sedatives and Anesthetics in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
Ankichetty S, Wong J, Chung F.
J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacology 2011; 27(4):447-458
Online PDF
Screening for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome in the Preoperative Patients.
Chung F.
The Open Anesthesiology Journal 2011; 5(Suppl 1-M2):7-11
PDF
Considerations for Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Undergoing Ambulatory Surgery.
Ankichetty S, Chung F.
Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 2011; 24:605-11
Online PDF
A Comparison Between the Boussignac Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Mask and the Venturi Mask in Terms of Improvement in the PaO2/F(I)O2 Ratio in Morbidly Obese Patients Undergoing Bariatric Surgery: a Randomized Controlled Trial.
Wong DT, Adly E, Yun H, Ip V, Thapar S, Maxted GR, Chung F.
Can J Anesth 2011; 58:532-9
Online PDF
Sleep Medicine and Anesthesia: a New Horizon for Anesthesiologists.
Chung F, Hillman D, Lydic R.
Anesthesiology 2011; 114:1261-2
Online PDF
It May be Unsafe for Patients with Untreated Severe OSA Requiring Postoperative Narcotic to Undergo Ambulatory Surgery.
Chung F.
J Clin Sleep Med 2011; 7:111
Online PDF
Perioperative Practical Experiences in Using a Level 2 Portable Polysomnography.
Chung F, Liao P, Sun Y, Amirshahi B, Fazel H, Shapiro C, Elsaid H.
Sleep Breath 2011; 15:367-75
Online PDF
Certification in Sleep Medicine.
Chung F, Hillman D, Lydic R.
Anesthesiology 2011; 115:217
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Melatonin and Postoperative Delirium: A Possible Link?
Yousaf F, Seet E, Venkatraghavan L, Katznelson R, Chung F.
Can J Anesth 2010; 57:794-5
Online PDF
Efficacy and Safety of Melatonin as an Anxiolytic and Analgesic in the Perioperative Period A Qualitative Systematic Review of Randomized Trials.
Yousaf F, Seet E, Venkatraghavan L, Abrishami A, Chung F.
Anesthesiology 2010; 113:968-76
Online PDF
Preoperative Screening for Obstructive Sleep Apnoea - One Death is Too Many.
Chung F, Liao P.
Anaeth Intensive Care 2010; 38:949-50
Online PDF
A Systematic Review of Screening Questionnaires for Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
Abrishami A, Jhajehdehi A, Chung F.
Can J Anesth 2010; 57:423-38
Online PDF
Postoperative Complications in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea: a Retrospective Matched Cohort Study.
Liao P, Yegneswaran B, Vairavanathan S, Zilberman P, Chung F.
Can J Anesth 2009; 56:819-28
Online PDF
Screening for Obstructive Sleep Apnea before Surgery: Why is it Important?
Chung F, Elsaid H.
Curr Opin Anesthesiology 2009; 22:405-11
Online PDF
The Importance of Screening for Obstructive Sleep Apnea before Surgery.
Yegneswaran B, Chung F.
Sleep Med 2009; 10:270-1
Online PDF
Patients with Difficult Intubation May Need Referral to Sleep Clinics.
Chung F, Yegneswaran B, Herrera F, Shenderey A, Shapiro CM.
Anesth Analg 2008; 107:915-20
Online PDF
Preoperative Identification of Sleep Apnea Risk in Elective Surgical Patients, using the Berlin Questionnaire.
Chung F, Ward B, Ho J, Yuan H, Kayumov L, Shapiro CM.
J Clin Anesth 2007; 19:130-4
Online PDF
Management of Sleep Apnea in Adults.
Chung F, Imarengiaye C.
Can J Anesth 2002; 49:R54-59
Online PDF